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:: Volume 1, Issue 2 (11-2016) ::
NHJ 2016, 1(2): 26-33 Back to browse issues page
The Effects of Discharge Planning on Quality of Life in Breast Cancer Patients
Abstract:   (1936 Views)


Background and Objective: Breast cancer is the most common malignancy in women. Surgery is the first line of treatment. Side effects of Surgery and disease can affect negatively on quality of life (QOL) domains. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of discharge planning on the QOL in patient with breast cancer.

Methods: This study was a randomized clinical trial on 69 women with breast cancer, eligible patients were assigned to intervention and control groups. In the control group hospital’s routine program implemented. In intervention group, discharge planning consisted of preoperative teaching, postoperative follow up, two client visits and 6 phone calls during the 6 weeks immediately following discharge. The instruments used in this study were demographic and QOL questionnaire which was combination of two questionnaires 36-Item Short Form Survey and Quality of Life Instrument - Breast Cancer Patient Version and Discharge Planning Checklist. Completed at recruitment and 6 weeks after surgery for patients. Finally the obtained data were analyzed using SPSS software and statistical tests.

Findings: Based on the results obtained, there were no significant differences between two groups in average score in physical, mental, social, spiritual domains and quality of life before intervention. After intervention, there were statistically significant differences between two groups in QOL (p<0/001) and all its domains (p<0/001).

Conclusion: The results demonstrated that discharge planning in breast cancer patients undergoing surgery is as an effective follow up program which can be an effective approach for improving QOL.

Keywords: Breast neoplasms, Patient discharge, Quality of Life
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Type of Study: Original Article | Subject: پرستاری
Received: 2017/01/11 | Accepted: 2017/03/20 | Published: 2017/03/20
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The Effects of Discharge Planning on Quality of Life in Breast Cancer Patients. NHJ. 2016; 1 (2) :26-33
URL: http://crms.mubabol.ac.ir/article-1-37-en.html

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Volume 1, Issue 2 (11-2016) Back to browse issues page
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