Background and Objective: Intrauterine fetal death is not only a tragedy for the families, but is also one of the most important complications of pregnancy. Important factors, such as mother, placenta and fetus, can lead to stillbirth. The aim of this study was to investigate the causes of and factors associated with stillbirth in Babol, north of Iran.
Methods: In this cross-sectional study, all women with a diagnosis of intrauterine fetal death who referred to Shahid Yahyanejad hospital during a period of one year; were included. After reviewing the medical records of patients, information of mothers, placenta and fetus were recorded in prepared forms. SPSS 18 statistical software was used to compare variables.
Findings: In total, 6979 births were performed, of which 68 cases were reported as intrauterine fetal death. In this study, the rate of intrauterine fetal death was 9.7 per 1,000 live births, more frequently seen in 20-34 years old mothers. Abnormal labor, fetal meconium and fetal abnormality were among the causes of stillbirth.
Conclusion: Identification of the predictive causes and factors of intrauterine fetal death are difficult. However, with proper care and effective counseling, screening and early detection of problems for mother and fetus of pregnant women with a history of intrauterine fetal death, and also with accurate assessment of similar problems during pregnancy; can reduce the incidence of fetal death.